LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF IDAHO
Sixtieth Legislature Second Regular Session 2010
IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
HOUSE BILL NO. 391
BY STATE AFFAIRS COMMITTEE
1 AN ACT
2 RELATING TO HEALTH AND SAFETY; AMENDING TITLE 39, IDAHO CODE, BY THE ADDITION
3 OF A NEW CHAPTER 90, TITLE 39, IDAHO CODE, TO PROVIDE A SHORT TITLE,
4 TO PROVIDE DEFINITIONS, TO PROVIDE A STATEMENT OF PUBLIC POLICY AND TO
5 PROVIDE FOR ENFORCEMENT; AND AMENDING SECTION 671401,
IDAHO CODE, TO
6 REVISE DUTIES OF THE ATTORNEY GENERAL.
7 Be It Enacted by the Legislature of the State of Idaho:
8 SECTION 1. That Title 39, Idaho Code, be, and the same is hereby amended
9 by the addition thereto of a NEW CHAPTER, to be known and designated as
10 Chapter 90, Title 39, Idaho Code, and to read as follows:
11 CHAPTER 90
12 IDAHO HEALTH FREEDOM ACT
SHORT TITLE. This chapter shall be known and may be cited as
14 the "Idaho Health Freedom Act."
DEFINITIONS. (1) "Health care services" shall mean any
16 service, treatment, or provision of product for the care of physical or
17 mental disease, illness, injury, defect or condition, or to otherwise
18 maintain or improve physical or mental health, subject to all laws and rules
19 regulating health service providers and products within the state of Idaho.
20 (2) "Mode of securing" shall mean to purchase directly or on credit or
21 by trade, or to contract for thirdparty
payment by insurance or other legal
22 means authorized by the state of Idaho, or to apply for or accept employer
23 or government sponsored health care benefits under such conditions as may
24 legally be required as a condition of such benefits, or any combination of
25 the same.
26 (3) "Penalty" shall mean any civil or criminal fine, tax, salary or wage
27 withholding, surcharge, fee or any other imposed consequence established
28 by law or rule of a government or its subdivision or agency that is used to
29 punish or discourage the exercise of rights protected under this chapter.
STATEMENT OF PUBLIC POLICY. (1) The power to require or
31 regulate a person’s choice in the mode of securing health care services, or
32 to impose a penalty related thereto, is not found in the Constitution of the
33 United States of America, and is therefore a power reserved to the people
34 pursuant to the Ninth Amendment, and to the several states pursuant to the
35 Tenth Amendment. The state of Idaho hereby exercises its sovereign power
36 to declare the public policy of the state of Idaho regarding the right of
37 all persons residing in the state of Idaho in choosing the mode of securing
38 health care services.
(2) It is hereby declared that the public policy of the 1 state of Idaho,
2 consistent with our constitutionally recognized and inalienable rights of
3 liberty, is that every person within the state of Idaho is and shall be free
4 to choose or decline to choose any mode of securing health care services
5 without penalty or threat of penalty.
6 (3) The policy stated herein shall not be applied to impair any right
7 of contract related to the provision of health care services to any person or
ENFORCEMENT. (1) No public official, employee, or agent
10 of the state of Idaho or any of its political subdivisions, shall act to
11 impose, collect, enforce, or effectuate any penalty in the state of Idaho
12 that violates the public policy set forth in section 399003(
2), Idaho Code.
13 (2) The attorney general shall take such action as is provided in
14 section 671401(
15), Idaho Code, in the defense or prosecution of rights
15 protected under this act.
16 SECTION 2. That Section 671401,
Idaho Code, be, and the same is hereby
17 amended to read as follows:
DUTIES OF ATTORNEY GENERAL. Except as otherwise provided in
19 this chapter, it is the duty of the attorney general:
20 (1) To perform all legal services for the state and to represent
21 the state and all departments, agencies, offices, officers, boards,
22 commissions, institutions and other state entities, in all courts and
23 before all administrative tribunals or bodies of any nature. Representation
24 shall be provided to those entities exempted pursuant to the provisions of
25 section 671406,
Idaho Code. Whenever required to attend upon any court or
26 administrative tribunal the attorney general shall be allowed necessary and
27 actual expenses, all claims for which shall be audited by the state board of
29 (2) To advise all departments, agencies, offices, officers, boards,
30 commissions, institutions and other state entities in all matters involving
31 questions of law.
32 (3) After judgment in any of the causes referred to in the first
33 subdivision, to direct the issuing of such process as may be necessary to
34 carry the same into execution.
35 (4) To account for and pay over to the proper officer all moneys
36 received which belong to the state.
37 (5) To supervise nonprofit corporations, corporations, charitable
38 or benevolent societies, person or persons holding property subject
39 to any public or charitable trust and to enforce whenever necessary
40 any noncompliance or departure from the general purpose of such trust
41 and, in order to accomplish such purpose, said nonprofit corporations,
42 corporations, charitable or benevolent societies, person or persons holding
43 property subject to any public or charitable trust are subject at all times
44 to examination by the attorney general, on behalf of the state, to ascertain
45 the condition of its affairs and to what extent, if at all, said trustee
46 or trustees may have failed to comply with trusts said trustee or trustees
47 have assumed or may have departed from the general purpose for which it was
48 formed. In case of any such failure or departure, the attorney general shall
institute, in the name of the state, any proceeding 1 necessary to enforce
2 compliance with the terms of the trust or any departure therefrom.
3 (6) To give an opinion in writing, without fee, to the legislature or
4 either house thereof, or any senator or representative, and to the governor,
5 secretary of state, treasurer, state controller, and the superintendent of
6 public instruction, when requested, upon any question of law relating to
7 their respective offices. The attorney general shall keep a record of all
8 written opinions rendered by the office and such opinions shall be compiled
9 annually and made available for public inspection. All costs incurred in
10 the preparation of said opinions shall be borne by the office of the attorney
11 general. A copy of the opinions shall be furnished to the supreme court and
12 to the state librarian.
13 (7) When required by the public service, to repair to any county in
14 the state and assist the prosecuting attorney thereof in the discharge of
16 (8) To bid upon and purchase, when necessary, in the name of the state,
17 and under the direction of the state controller, any property offered for
18 sale under execution issued upon judgments in favor of or for the use of the
19 state, and to enter satisfaction in whole or in part of such judgments as the
20 consideration for such purchases.
21 (9) Whenever the property of a judgment debtor in any judgment
22 mentioned in the preceding subdivision has been sold under a prior judgment,
23 or is subject to any judgment, lien, or encumbrance, taking precedence of the
24 judgment in favor of the state, under the direction of the state controller,
25 to redeem such property from such prior judgment, lien, or encumbrance; and
26 all sums of money necessary for such redemption must, upon the order of the
27 board of examiners, be paid out of any money appropriated for such purposes.
28 (10) When necessary for the collection or enforcement of any judgment
29 hereinbefore mentioned, to institute and prosecute, in behalf of the state,
30 such suits or other proceedings as may be necessary to set aside and annul all
31 conveyances fraudulently made by such judgment debtors; the cost necessary
32 to the prosecution must, when allowed by the board of examiners, be paid out
33 of any appropriations for the prosecution of delinquents.
34 (11) To exercise all the common law power and authority usually
35 appertaining to the office and to discharge the other duties prescribed by
37 (12) To report to the governor, at the time required by this code, the
38 condition of the affairs of the attorney general’s office and of the reports
39 received from prosecuting attorneys.
40 (13) To appoint deputy attorneys general and special deputy attorneys
41 general and other necessary staff to assist in the performance of the duties
42 of the office. Such deputies and staff shall be nonclassified employees
43 within the meaning of section 675302,
44 (14) To establish a medicaid fraud control unit pursuant to the
45 provisions of section 56226,
Idaho Code, and to exercise concurrent
46 investigative and prosecutorial authority and responsibility with county
47 prosecutors to prosecute persons for the violation of the criminal
48 provisions of chapter 2, title 56, Idaho Code, and for criminal offenses that
49 are not defined in said chapter 2, title 56, Idaho Code, but that involve
or are directly related to the use of medicaid program 1 funds or services
2 provided through the medicaid program.
3 (15) To seek injunctive and any other appropriate relief as
4 expeditiously as possible to preserve the rights and property of the
5 residents of the state of Idaho, and to defend as necessary the state
6 of Idaho, its officials, employees and agents in the event that any law
7 or regulation violating the public policy set forth in the Idaho health
8 freedom act, chapter 90, title 39, Idaho Code, is enacted by any government,
9 subdivision or agency thereof.